This paper outlines the initial developmental stage of a microscopic traffic system model incorporating driver behaviour. The model uses exponential and Gaussian distributions to assign each car its starting time headway and velocity characteristics respectively as expected in real-world traffic [see 1,2]. Each car may be in one of three distinct regimes (time headway windows), depending upon how close in time the car is to the car in front of it.
Hogan, Timothy; Clancy, Ian; and Flynn, Cathal
"Modelling Dual-carriageway Traffic Behaviour as a Complex System: a Proposal for Discussion,"
1, Article 4.
Available at: https://arrow.tudublin.ie/level3/vol9/iss1/4