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Interdisciplinary, Studies on Film
This article examines the representation of Bombay in Aruna Raje’s Rihaee (1988) and Sai Paranjpye’s Disha (1990). It has been argued here that in both films, Bombay functions as a narrative anchor to the fictive village, which is depicted as the locus of Indian modernity. Symbolism of the village-city trope is used to reorganise the syntagm of modernity-location-gender in new relations of power and also to present alternative visions of national development within the socio-economic context of 1990s liberalisation in India. The dialectic between city and village in these films emphasises the role of memory and migration in women’s cinema, and also serves as a means to probing the relationship between gender and films in the postcolonial context.
Sawhney, R. (2007) ‘Apotheosis or Apparition: Bombay and the Village in 1990s Women’s Cinema’, Film Studies (special issue on ‘Visualising the City’ ed. Marcus, A.), Winter (11): 1-13.