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1.6 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, 2.7 ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
Alternative, more sustainable and environmentally positive, sources of energy are one of the current global challenges. One approach to achieving more sustainable sources of energy is to use waste from one system as a raw material for energy production, following the circular biosystem philosophy. This study successfully adopted this approach whereby microalgae strains Chlorella emersonii and Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata were bioprospected and metabolically engineered in simulated wastewater supplemented with glucose to produce neutral lipids. Using a two-step cultivation approach neutral lipid content was enhanced in Chlorella emersonii and Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata biomass. Via in-situ transesterification, these neutral lipids were subsequently bioconverted to biodiesel feedstock fatty acid methyl esters using novel solvent stable lipase(s) from Pseudomonas reinekei and Pseudomonas brenneri. The culturing of appropriate microalgae on wastewater, and bioconversion via organo-stable lipases may provide a commercially viable and sustainable biodiesel feedstock to help address the current global energy challenge.
Priyanka, P., Kinsella, G. K., Henehan, G. T., & Ryan, B. J. (2020). Enzymatic in-situ transesterification of neutral lipids from simulated wastewater cultured Chlorella emersonii and Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata to sustainably produce fatty acid methyl esters. Bioresource Technology Reports, 100489.
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