Author ORCID Identifier



Pilgrimage is one of the ways to acquire spirituality in the Shiite sect, and the shrines of the Imams are places of pilgrimage full of spirituality. Spirituality in Islam is one of the mental states of human beings, which has a high position in perfection from Shiite thought. Pilgrimage, as an Islamic custom and ethical practice, through the pattern of pilgrimage in religious, devotional, and prayer spaces can create spirituality for pilgrims. In line with the principles of praying and celebrating the rituals of God, the holy shrines of the Ahl al-Bayt (AS) are important centres of interest in Iranian cities that can develop with a view towards supporting pilgrimage. This article aims to recognise the effect of holy shrines in pilgrimage city spirituality, using analytical research methods and interdisciplinary research, logical reasoning, and documentary and library study methods. Findings show that pilgrimage has religious, spiritual and psychological, cultural-social, spatialformal, and functional dimensions. In pilgrimage cities with holy shrines, with the development of complementary layers of pilgrimage and the needs of the surrounding areas, a city with the holy shrines at its centre is created. It is necessary to design mixed orders compatible with the Urban complex and its spiritual atmosphere, along with respecting the citizenship rights of the residents and owners of the surrounding area, as well as respecting the visual and elevation of the central elements and the dominance of the religious buildings over other spaces and buildings. Sacred shrines can tailor to the needs of different social groups, especially enthusiasts, pilgrims, families, children, women, adolescents, youth, and the elderly.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.





To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.