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Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence


2.2 ELECTRICAL, ELECTRONIC, INFORMATION ENGINEERING, Electrical and electronic engineering


This paper proposes an improved version of Barnacles mating optimizer (BMO) for solving the optimal allocation problem of distribution generator (DGs) in radial distribution systems (RDSs). BMO is a recent bioinspired optimization algorithm that mimics the intelligence behavior of Barnacles' mating. However, like with any metaheuristic optimization approach, it may face issues such as local optima trapping and low convergence rate. Hence, an improved BMO is adopted based on the quasi oppositional (QOBMO) and the chaos maps theories (CQOBMO). The two improvement methods are applied to increase the convergence performance of the conventional BMO. To prove the efficiency of the improved QOBMO and CQOBMO algorithms, 23 benchmark functions are used, and the accomplished results are compared with the conventional BMO. Then, the improved algorithm is applied to minimize the total power and energy losses in the distribution systems considering the uncertainty of DG power generation and time‐varying load demand. The uncertainty of DG is represented using photovoltaic‐based DG (PVDG). The improved method is employed to find the optimal power scheduling of PVDG and battery energy storage (BES) during 24 h. Two standard IEEE RDS (IEEE 33‐bus and IEEE 69‐bus) are used to simulate the case studies. Finally, the obtained results show that significant loss reductions (LRs) are achieved using the improved BMO where LRs reach 65.26%, and 68.86% in IEEE 33‐bus and 69‐bus, respectively, in the case of PVDG integration. However, using PVDG and BES the energy loss reductions reach 64% and 67.80% in IEEE 33‐bus and 69‐bus, respectively, which prove the efficiency of the improved BMO algorithm in finding the optimal solutions obtained so far.