Document Type



This item is available under a Creative Commons License for non-commercial use only


Applied mathematics, 2.3 MECHANICAL ENGINEERING, Materials engineering

Publication Details

Polymer Testing, Vol. 31, issue, 8, December 2012, Pages 1019–1025.


Compressive creep gradually affects the structural performance of flexible polymeric foam material over extended time periods. When designing components, it is often difficult to account for long-term creep, as accurate creep data over long time periods or at high temperatures is often unavailable. This is mainly due to the lengthy testing times and/or inadequate high temperature testing facilities. This issue can be resolved by conducting a range of short-term creep tests and applying accurate prediction methods to the results. Short-term creep testing was conducted on viscoelastic polyurethane foam, a material commonly used in seating and bedding systems. Tests were conducted over a range of temperatures, providing the necessary results to allow for the generation of predictions of long-term creep behaviour using time-temperature superposition. Additional predictions were generated, using the William Landel Ferry time-temperature empirical relations, for material performance at temperatures above and below the reference temperature range. Further tests validated the results generated from these theoretical predictions.