Document Type



Civil engineering, Architecture engineering, Construction engineering, Municipal and structural engineering


The early-stage structural scheme design of a building is a complex task requiring the collection of multiple information categories such as geometry, loading and materials. The collection and review of this information is traditionally conducted in a 2D environment. This is inefficient, time-consuming, and tedious. This paper provides a review of how structural engineers’ understanding and implementation of BIM has evolved significantly in recent years, validated by extant literature in areas such as BIM automation, visual programming, and structural optimisation in the structural engineering sector. Structural engineers are growing more aware that BIM provides a vast repository of data to be used in their design processes, the author presents solutions through action-based research to demonstrate how visual programming can be used to aid the development of an early-stage structural scheme design by utilising the geometric data within an architectural Revit model. A focus group of industry professionals reviewed and tested the proposed solutions and found them to add value and efficiency to the process. While the proposed solutions are in basic form, they can be developed further to gain additional efficiencies. It was noted that due to their design responsibility, structural engineers felt the need to manually validate the results of the automated process, potentially nullifying efficiencies gained.


Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.