Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence
1.3 PHYSICAL SCIENCES
Multiple complex space-charge structures in unmagnetized low-temperature plasmas arise from ionization phenomena near additional negatively or positively biased electrodes or due to local constraints. Because of their usually spherical form, such structures are called fireballs. If they appear inside hollow grids, they are called inverted fireballs or plasma bubbles. The temporal evolution of such structures is often accompanied by strong plasma instabilities. The dynamics of complex space-charge structures have been investigated by using single spherical grid cathode with an orifice. Langmuir probe and optical emission spectroscopy were used to diagnose the structures. Measurements delivered the axial profiles of the plasma potential, electron temperature and density, and the densities of excited atoms and ions, that confirmed the formation of a fireball in the region near the orifice (also evidenced by visual observation). Inside the grid, a plasma bubble has developed, with a high ion density inside due to the hollow cathode effect. Information on the nonlinear dynamics of the complex space charge structures was obtained from the analysis of the oscillations of the discharge current.
R. Schrittwieser et al., "Oscillatory behavior of hollow grid cathode discharges," 2019 International Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications (ICEAA), 2019, pp. 1359-1362, doi: 10.1109/ICEAA.2019.8879126.
CEEPUS; Romanian Ministry of Research and Innovation