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3. MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES, Ophthalmology
Purpose This study sought to estimate the prevalence and associated risk factors of symptomatic dry eye in the general non-clinical Ghanaian population.
Methods This was a cross-sectional population-based study conducted from November 2019 to February 2020. A stratified, multistage, random sampling technique was used to select participants aged 18 years and above from the capital cities of eight administrative regions in Ghana. Symptomatic dry eye was assessed using the Ocular Surface Disease Index questionnaire (OSDI). A study specific structured questionnaire was administered to collect information on participants’ demographics and self-reported risk factors of dry eye disease such as smoking, diabetes, hypertension, arthritis, ocular allergies, pregnancy, contact lens wear, use of topical glaucoma medication and multivitamin supplement. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to explore associations between symptomatic dry eye and participant characteristics. A p-value of 0.05 was considered statistically significant.
Kobia-Acquah, E., Ankamah-Lomotey, S. & Owusu, E. (2021). Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of Symptomatic Dry Eye in Ghana: A cross-sectional population-based study. Contact Lens and Anterior Eye, vol. 44, no. 6. doi:10.1016/j.clae.2020.12.067