Document Type



Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence


1.1 MATHEMATICS, Applied mathematics

Publication Details

Quarterly of Applied Mathematics, 74, 361-374, 2016.


In general, materials with linear memory constitutive relations are characterized by a relaxation function. This leads to a situation where the free energy for most materials with memory is not unique. There is a convex set of free energy functionals with a minimum and a maximum element. An alternative procedure is proposed which characterizes a material by the kernel of the rate of dissipation functional. Using some recent results, we find that a unique free energy and relaxation function may then be deduced. An example is given for discrete spectrum materials. Also, the new results are used to show that a previously derived general representation of rate of dissipation and free energy functionals is not complete, in the sense that there are valid functionals which cannot be described by this general formula.