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Dempster-Shafer (DS) theory, and its associated Dempster rule of combination, has been widely used to determine belief based on uncertain evi-dence sources. Variations to the original Dempster rule of combination have appeared in the literature to support particular scenarios where unreliable results may result from the use of original DS theory. While theoretical explanations of the rule variations are explained, there is a lack of empirical comparisons of the DS theory and its variations against real data sets. In this work, we examine several variations to DS theory. Using two real-world sensor data sets, we com-pare the performance of DS theory and several of its variations in recognising situations. The empirical results shed insight on how to select these fusion rules based on the nature of sensor data, the relationship of this data over time to the higher level hypotheses and the choice of frame of discernment.
McKeever, S., & Ye, J. (2013). A Comparison of Evidence Fusion Rules for Situation Recognition in Sensor-Based Environments. AML 2013: Evolving Ambient Intelligence:Workshops, Dublin, Ireland, 3-5, December doi:10.1007/978-3-319-04406-4_16