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1.6 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
HIV-1 non-coding exon 3 can either be spliced to exons 4, 4a, 4b, 4c, and 5 to generate tat, rev, and nef mRNAs or remain unspliced to produce the 13a7 vpr mRNA. Here we show that serine- and arginine-rich proteins 55 and 75 (SRp55 and SRp75) inhibit splicing from the 5′-splice site of exon 3 thereby causing an accumulation of the partially unspliced 13a7 vpr mRNA. In contrast, serine- and arginine-rich protein 40 (SRp40) induces splicing from exon 3 to exon 4, thereby promoting the production of the 1347 tat mRNA. We demonstrate that SRp55 stimulates vpr mRNA production by interacting with the previously identified HIV-1 splicing enhancer named GAR and inhibiting its function. This inhibition requires both serine arginine-rich and RNA-binding domains of SRp55, indicating that production of HIV-1 vpr mRNA depends on the interaction of SRp55 with an unknown factor.
Tranell, A., Fenyo, E.M. & Schwartz, S. (2010). Serine- and Arginine-Rich Proteins 55 and 75 (SRp55 and SRp75) Induce Production of HIV-1 vpr mRNA by Inhibiting the 5′-Splice Site of Exon 3. Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 285, no. 41, pg. 31537–31547. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.077453