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The current housing crisis and demand for residential accommodation in Ireland has required a change in the construction industry. The introduction by the Irish Government of the temporary fast track planning arrangement for large scale housing developments delivers a key commitment of the Governments action plan for housing and homelessness. Under these new provisions, planning applications can be made directly to An Bord Pleanála (ABP) and not to a local planning authority as was previously the case. This introduction has required the design team to provide sufficient information to enable ABP to offer an opinion and give direction on any amendments required to allow the project to proceed to the application stage. If significant changes are requested, this will result in major redesign work for the architect and other design team members. By adopting BIM methodologies at this early stage, the design team has the potential to automate the process through early design collaboration and improved coordination. This paper will begin by focusing on the current usage of BIM processes during early stages of residential design in both Ireland and the UK and investigate through a literature study the impact BIM has currently made on the sector. The paper will propose the potential use of adopting computational design tools and methods to enhance the delivery of architectural designs through BIM methodologies. A graphical programming tool, Dynamo, will be used to demonstrate the integration into a stage BIM workflow. The experimental research will be appraised by selected industry professionals and feedback will be gathered to evaluate the potential future for computational design tools in the field of architectural design of residential units.
McNally, J. (2019). The potential impact of BIM on early design stages of residential apartment construction in Ireland: a computational design approach. Capstone Report. Technological University Dublin. doi: 10.21427/5x7s-g994