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Market demand for “clean and green” food products is increasing, and so there is growing opportunity for the seaweed aquaculture industry to take a position as a key food producer in this area. In this study, in order to investigate the impact of dry fractionation on seaweed protein qualities, dried and milled seaweed powder from three seaweed species was sieved into 6 fractions (F1 to F6) of different particle size from >710 μm toμm. True protein, total protein and amino acid profiles were analyzed to evaluate the protein content and quality of three brown seaweed species commercially harvested in Ireland; Alaria esculenta, Laminaria digitata and Saccharina latissima. In general, A. esculenta had the highest protein content, followed by S. latissima and then L. digitata (4.15 ± 0.12 g/100 g, 2.28 ± 0.1 g/100 g and 1.73 ± 0.01 g/100 g, respectively). Fractionation had a significant impact (p < .01) on protein content, essential amino acid content (p < .05) and non-essential amino acid content (p < .01) across six fractions of seaweed powder within species. F6 (710 μm) contained the highest protein and amino acid content in L. digitata. Glutamic acid was the most prevalent amino acid in A. esculenta and L. digitata (55.34 mg/g and 23.78 mg/g), while aspartic acid was the most prevalent in S. latissima (19.41 mg/g). This information is valuable to both researchers and seaweed producers who can use particle size separation as a simple method to create value-added products using their green biomass for applications across multiple markets.



Teagasc Walsh Scholarship and the BiOrbic SFI Bioeconomy Research Centre, which is funded by Ireland’s European Structural and Investment Programmes, Science Foundation Ireland (16/ RC/3889) and the European Regional Development Fund

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

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