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1.3 PHYSICAL SCIENCES
The synthesis of a series of PPV derivative polymers by the Wittig-Horner reaction is described. The structure of each polymer is varied and the effects of these variations on the optical properties is explored. The effects of alkyloxy side chains is observed between the PPV derivatives Poly(-p-phenylvinylene-co-2,5-bis-octyloxy phenylvinylene.) PPV-OPV and Poly (para-2,5-bis-(n-octyloxy)-phenylvinylene) POPV. The phenyl units of the soluble PPV derivative POPV are replaced by alternate naphthyl units in the polymer Poly(2,5-bis(n-octyloxy)-1,4-phenylene vinylene-1,5-bis(n-octyloxy)-2,6-naphthylene vinylene) POPN-ONV and then fully by naphthyl units in Poly(2,6-bis-(n-octyloxy)-1,5-NaphthyleneVinylene) PONV. The addition of alkyloxy sidechains served to red shift the fluorescence emission as expected. The systematic conversion of phenyl to naphthyl units blue shifted the emission considerably while reducing the Stokes shift. There is evidence to suggest some localization of the electrons over the aromatic units of the polymer backbone. PONV is shown to have greater stability towards photo-oxidation then either POPV or PPV-OPV.
Lynch, P., O'Neill, L. & Whelan, J. (2005). Structural property relationships in conjugated polymers. Proceedings of OptoIreland 2005,SPIE, vol. 5826, pg. 242. doi:10.1117/12.598779