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Electrical and electronic engineering
A fiber Bragg grating (FBG)-based strain sensing system for minimally invasive telerobotic cutting applications is presented in this paper. Investigations assume that a scissor blade can be approximated as a uniformly tapered cantilever beam. A replica of the scissor blade is produced and strain characterization has been carried out using an FBG sensor system. Results are validated against measurements obtained using conventional electrical resistance strain gauges. The scissor blade experiences both direct and lateral forces during cutting, hence the system is characterized for a direct load range of 0-30 N and a lateral load range of 0-10 N. The results show a very good linear response for direct loading and some sensitivity to lateral loading. An actual sensorized scissor blade prototype is also characterized and results compared with that of the replica blade. The FBG interrogation system used was a macro-bend fiber filter-based ratiometric system. The use of FBGs together with macro-bend fiber-based interrogation system eliminates the influence of temperature on the sensing system and hence temperature independent strain information from the blade is obtained. The results obtained using the macro-bend fiber filter are compared with that of a commercial interrogation system and found to be in agreement. By implementing an all fiber sensing system based on fiber Bragg gratings and macrobend fiber filter interrogation system, remote operation of telerobotic cutting applications can be made more cost effective while providing a competitive accuracy and resolution solution.
Rajan, G. et al. (2010). IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 10 (12), pp.1913-1920. doi:10.1109/JSEN.2010.2049260