Document Type

Conference Paper


Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence


Civil engineering

Publication Details

11th International Conference on Applications of Statistics and Probability in Civil Engineering (ICASP11), Zürich, Switzerland


The accurate estimation of site-specific lifetime extreme traffic load effects is an important element in the cost-effective assessment of bridges. In recent years, the improved quality and increasing use of weigh-in-motion technology has meant that better quality and larger databases of vehicle weights are now available. This has enabled measurements of the regular occurrence of extremely heavy vehicles, with weights in excess of 100 t. The collected measurements have been used as the basis for building and calibrating a Monte Carlo simulation model for bridge loading. The computer programs written to implement this model generate simulated traffic in two lanes – for both the same direction and the bidirectional cases – and calculate load effects for bridges of various spans. The research focuses on free-flowing traffic on short to medium-span bridges. This paper summarizes recent advances and their contribution to the highway bridge traffic loading problem.