Document Type



Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence


Civil engineering

Publication Details

Journal of Bridge Engineering, ASCE, 18 (3), 232-239, 2013.


This paper presents results based on the analysis of an extensive database of weigh-in-motion (WIM) data collected at five European highway sites in recent years. The data are used as the basis for a Monte Carlo simulation of bridge loading by two lane traffic, both bidirectional and same-direction. Long runs of the simulation model are used to calculate characteristic bridge load effects (bending moments and shear forces), and these characteristic values are compared with design values for bridges of different length as specified by the Eurocode for bridge traffic loading. Various indicators are tested as possible bases for a “Bridge Aggressiveness Index” to characterize the traffic measured by the WIM data in terms of its influence on characteristic bridge load effects. WIM measurements can thus be used to determine the “aggressiveness” of traffic for bridges. The mean maximum weekly gross vehicle weight is proposed as the most effective of the indicators considered and is shown to be well correlated with a wide range of calculated characteristic load effects at each site.