Document Type

Theses, Ph.D


Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence



Publication Details

A thesis submitted to the Technological University Dublin for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, September 2022.


EEG (Electroencephalogram) signal is a biological signal in BCI (Brain-Computer Interface) systems to realise the information exchange between the brain and the external environment. It is characterised by a poor signal-to-noise ratio, is time-varying, is intermittent and contains multiple frequency components. This research work has developed a new parameterised time-frequency method called the Linear Predictive Coding Pole Processing (LPCPP) method which can be used for identifying and tracking the dominant frequency components of an EEG signal. The LPCPP method further processes LPC (Linear Predictive Coding) poles to produce a series of reduced-order filter transfer functions to estimate the dominant frequencies. It is suited for processing high-noise multi-component signals and can directly give the corresponding frequency estimates unlike transform-based methods. Furthermore, a new EEG spectral analysis framework involving the LPCPP method is proposed to describe the EEG spectral activity. The EEG signal has been divided into different frequency bands (i.e. Delta, Theta, Alpha, Beta and Gamma). However, there is no consensus on the definitions of these band boundaries. A series of EEG centre frequencies are proposed in this thesis instead of fixed frequency boundaries, as they are better suited to describe the dominant EEG spectral activity.