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Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence


Atomic, Molecular and Chemical Physics, Virology

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Iqra Chaudhary, Naomi Jackson, Denise Denning, Luke O’Neill, Hugh J. Byrne, Contributions of Vibrational Spectroscopy to Virology: A Review, Clinical Spectroscopy, 2022, 100022, ISSN 2666-0547,


Vibrational spectroscopic techniques, both infrared absorption and Raman scattering, are high precision, label free analytical techniques which have found applications in fields as diverse as analytical chemistry, pharmacology, forensics and archeometrics and, in recent times, have attracted increasing attention for biomedical applications. As analytical techniques, they have been applied to the characterisation of viruses as early as the 1970s, and, in the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, have been explored in response to the World Health Organisation as novel methodologies to aid in the global efforts to implement and improve rapid screening of viral infection. This review considers the history of the application of vibrational spectroscopic techniques to the characterisation of the morphology and chemical compositions of viruses, their attachment to, uptake by and replication in cells, and their potential for the detection of viruses in population screening, and in infection response monitoring applications. Particular consideration is devoted to recent efforts in the detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, and monitoring COVID-19.