Development and testing of low spatial frequency holographic concentrator elements for collection of solar energy
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1.3 PHYSICAL SCIENCES
The aim of this research is to use holographically recorded diffractive optical elements (DOEs) recorded in photopolymer in order to effectively collect and concentrate solar radiation. The potential for recording high diffraction efficiency DOEs with a large angular and wavelength range of operation in acrylamide based photopolymer and the optimum recording conditions have been presented in our previous work (Akbari et al., 2014b, 2014a). Theoretical modelling and experimental test are presented which demonstrate that low spatial frequency components, around 300 line pairs/mm, have an appropriate spectral bandwidth, high efficiency and very limited polarization dependence. Pairs of concentrating off-axis lenses are fabricated in photopolymer and arranged to concentrate light on a c-Si cell. The optical recording process is described and discussed. The results from electrical characterization confirm that with the (two) spherical DOEs (each of area 113mm2) in place, the output current of c-Si solar cells is approximately doubled for the solar cells with area of 12mm2.
Hoda Akbari, Izabela Naydenova, Hind Ahmed, Sarah McCormack, Suzanne Martin, Development and testing of low spatial frequency holographic concentrator elements for collection of solar energy, Solar Energy, Volume 155, 2017,Pages 103-109, ISSN 0038-092X, DOI: 10.1016/j.solener.2017.04.067.