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This work explores the humidity and temperature response of volume phase slanted gratings recorded in photopolymers with varied chemical composition. Acrylamide and diacetone acrylamide were used as monomers and triethanolamine and N-phenylglycine were used as photoinitiators. The study demonstrates that the response of photopolymer-based holographic gratings to relative humidity (RH) and temperature (T) can be tuned by alteration of the photopolymer composition.Humidity and temperature response of the holograms has been characterized by recording Bragg selectivity curves of transmission gratings and by monitoring the position of the maximum intensity in the spectral response of reflection gratings. Investigation of the humidity response in the range of 20–90% RH reveals that photopolymers containing triethanolamine are more responsive to moisture than photopolymers containing N-phenylglycine and display significant sensitivity to relative humidity above 40%. Full reversibility of humidity induced changes in gratings recorded in diacetone acrylamide-based photopolymer is confirmed at RH≤60%. Exposure to RH≥70% leads to irreversible changes in these gratings.The temperature response of slanted transmission gratings was investigated in the temperature range of 20–60°C. Exposure of the photopolymer layers containing triethanolamine to elevated temperature was found to cause layer shrinkage due to desorption of absorbed water. Sealed layers containing triethanolamine, however, demonstrated swelling due to the effect of thermal expansion. The photopolymer layers containing N-phenylglycine were found to be unresponsive to temperature changes below 30°C and have sensitivity to temperature above 30°C.
Mikulchyk, T., Walshe, J., Cody, D., Martin, S. & Naydenova, I. (2017). Humidity and temperature induced changes in the diffraction efficiency and the Bragg angle of slanted photopolymer-based holographic gratings. Sensor and Actuators, B.:Chemical, vol. 239, pg. 776-785. doi:10.1016/j.snb.2016.08.052