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Wearable flexible sensors have developed rapidly in recent years because of their improved capacity to detect human motion in wide-ranging situations. In order to meet the requirements of flexibility and low detection limits, a new pressure sensor was fabricated based on electrospun barium titanate/multi-wall carbon nanotubes (BTO@MWCNTs) core-shell nanofibers coated with styrene-ethylene-butene-styrene block copolymer (SEBS). The sensor material (BTO@MWCNTs/SEBS) had a SEBS to BTO/MWCNTs mass ratio of 20:1 and exhibited an excellent piezoelectricity over a wide range of workable pressures from 1 to 50 kPa, higher output current of 56.37 nA and a superior piezoresistivity over a broad working range of 20 to 110 kPa in compression. The sensor also exhibited good durability and repeatability under different pressures and under long-term cyclic loading. These properties make the composite ideal for applications requiring monitoring subtle pressure changes (exhalation, pulse rate) and finger movements. The pressure sensor developed based on BTO@MWCNTs core-shell nanofibers has demonstrated great potential to be assembled into intelligent wearable devices.
Bangze Zhou, Chenchen Li, Yanfen Zhou, Zhanxu Liu, Xue Gao, Xueqin Wang, Liang Jiang, Mingwei Tian, Feng-Lei Zhou, Stephen Jerrams, Jianyong Yu, A flexible dual-mode pressure sensor with ultra-high sensitivity based on BTO@MWCNTs core-shell nanofibers, Composites Science and Technology, Volume 224, 2022, 109478, ISSN 0266-3538, DOI: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2022.109478.
National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China and Taishan Scholar Foundation of Shandong, China