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Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence


1.4 CHEMICAL SCIENCES, Polymer science, Chemical engineering (plants, products), Materials engineering

Publication Details

Smart Materials and Structures (IOP Science)


To obtain magnetorheological elastomers (MREs) with improved mechanical properties and exhibiting an enhanced magnetorheological (MR) effect, bio-inspired dopamine modification has been used to improve the functionality at the surface of carbonyl iron (CI) particles. Various techniques including x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to confirm that a polydopamine (PDA) layer of about 27.5 nm had been successfully deposited on the surface of the carbonyl iron particles prior to their inclusion in the MRE composites. The magnetic properties of PDA modified CI particles were shown to be almost the same as those for untreated CI particles. With the introduction of a PDA layer to the surfaces of the particles, both the tensile strength and the elongation at break of the MREs were improved. Furthermore, the MRE composites filled with PDA-coated CI particles exhibited lower zero-field storage moduli but higher magnetic field induced storage moduli when magnetization saturation was reached. The absolute and relative MR effect for the MREs reached 0.68 ± 0.002 MPa and 294% respectively, which were higher than those of MREs with pristine CI particles whose absolute and relative MR effect were 0.57 ± 0.02 MPa and 187% respectively. The findings of this work provide insights into enhanced fabrication of MREs with both improved mechanical properties and magneto-induced performance.



National Natural Science Foundation of China; Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation, China; Qingdao Postdoctoral Applied Basic Research Project