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1.5 EARTH AND RELATED ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
An effective climate change action involves the critical role that companies must play in assuring the long-term human and social well-being of future generations. In our study, we offer a more holistic, inclusive, both–and approach to the challenge of environmental innovation (EI) that uses a novel methodology to identify relevant configurations for firms engaging in a superior EI strategy. A conceptual framework is proposed that identifies six sets of driving characteristics of EI and two sets of beneficial outcomes, all inherently tensional. Our analysis utilizes a complementary rather than an oppositional point of view. A data set of 65 companies in the ICT value chain is analyzed via fuzzy-set comparative analysis (fsQCA) and a post-QCA procedure. The results reveal that achieving a superior EI strategy is possible in several scenarios. Specifically, after close examination, two main configuration groups emerge, referred to as technological environmental innovators and organizational environmental innovators.
Russo-Spena, T., DiPaola, N. & O'Driscoll, A. (2021). Configurations to Superior Environmental Innovation Strategy: A Both–And Approach. Organization & Environment, vol. 35, no. 3, pg. 468–494. doi:10.1177/10860266211031623