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5.2 ECONOMICS AND BUSINESS
Energy based assets are showing increased susceptibility to volatility arising out of geo-political, economic, climate and technological events. Given the economic importance of energy products, their market participants need to be able to access efficient strategies to effectively manage their exposures and reduce price risk. This chapter will outline the key futures based hedging approaches that have been developed for managing energy price risk and evaluate their effectiveness. A key element of this analysis will be the breadth of assets considered. These include Crude and Refined Oil products, Natural Gas, and wholesale Electricity markets. We find significant differences in the hedging effectiveness of the different energy markets. A key finding is that, that Natural Gas and particularly electricity futures are relatively ineffective as a risk management tool when compared with other energy assets.
Hanly, J.A. (2020). Risk Management and Hedging Approaches in Energy Markets. Handbook of Energy Finance. March 2020, 651-667. DOI: 10.1142/9789813278387_0026