Document Type

Conference Paper


Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence


Economics, Cultural and economic geography, Urban studies (Planning and development)

Publication Details

Pacific Rim Real Estate Society - 15th Annual Conference,

18-21 January 2009, University of Technology Sydney (UTS),

New South Wales, Australia


Building on Pickerill’s (2002 & 2007) work in North America and Western Europe, this paper compares funding mechanisms, stakeholder involvement and area based heritage conservation models from Western Europe and North America with those of Australia. More specifically, the domain of enquiry considers Pickerill’s bifurcated model of the new governance of financing for conservation which recognizes the duality of tool knowledge and design knowledge. Examples from practice in Europe, America and Australia provide an illustration of these mechanisms.