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Architecture engineering, Architectural design
This paper joins into the debate on sustainable architecture and construction and the resilience of the architectural practice. It takes up the case of solid wood construction. Heterogeneity of timber is considered a disadvantage in construction. Wood industry utilises expensive processes in order to overcome rather than exploit natural wood properties. We suggest a different approach that could lead to the reduction of environmental pollution and more economic use of resources that is discussed with a proposed wood connection method based on harnessing material behaviour induced by a change of moisture relationships -- i.e. shrinkage. Two design paths are presented: (i) involving clinging of green component on dry insert and (ii) utilising anisotropy in green wood shrinkage. The main contribution of this paper is a new view on tectonics -- understood as proper use of materials -- that bridges the gap between wood material science and design disciplines. Both theoretical and methodological frameworks are presented, and supported by the demonstrated concept, showcase the potential of inducing far-reaching changes in the timber industry. By reducing waste and by reducing the need for chemistry and supplementary materials in wood joining and improving economic performance we can get closer to a sustainable practice.
Wójcik, M. & Strumillo, J. (2014). Behaviour-based wood connection as a base for new tectonics. In Keitsch, M. (ed) Resilience:the New Research Frontier:Proceedings of the 20th Annual International Sustainable Development Research Conference, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 18-20 June, pp.170-184.
The Oslo School of Architecture and Design