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This paper re-examines the iconic use of cruciform columns in the famous Barcelona Pavilion and the other ‘German’ projects of the architect Mies Van der Rohe. It extrapolates for the material itself to construct a theory about the meaning behind their design and iconography linking it to Shinkel and a coded national identify.
Brady, N. (2016). Iron in the soul. Building Material: the Architectural Association of Ireland journal, no.20, pp.151 – 169.