Document Type



Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence


Sociology, Social sciences, 6. HUMANITIES

Publication Details

To view this Article Cullen, Frank(2010) 'Phenomenological Views and Analysis of Culinary Arts Student Attitudes to National and International Internships: The “Nature of Being” Before, During, and After International Internship', Journal of Culinary Science & Technology, 8: 2, 87 — 105

To link to this Article: DOI: 10.1080/15428052.2010.511100 URL:


This article presents the results of research conducted between 2006 and 2007 as part of a 4-year study on culinary internships. The article explores what can be described as the culinary life, developing a picture of working in a kitchen. It then compares and contrasts the work of key writers in the area of internship. Phenomenological views are provided and quantitative data analyzed from the 2006 and 2007 cohorts of students studying for a bachelor of arts in culinary arts to establish their attitudes toward international internships. The research found that gaps existed between the attitudes of the 2006 and 2007 students.