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Materials engineering, Nano-materials, Nano-processes, Other engineering and technologies
We present a methodology to quantify the essential interactions at the interface between inorganic solid nanoparticles (NPs) and biological molecules. Our model is based on pre-calculation of the repetitive contributions to the interaction from molecular segments, which allows us to efficiently scan a multitude of molecules and rank them by their adsorption affinity. The interaction between the biomolecular fragments and the nanomaterial are evaluated using a systematic coarse-graining scheme starting from all-atom molecular dynamics simulations. The NPs are modelled using a two-layer representation, where the outer layer is parameterized at the atomistic level and the core is treated at the continuum level using Lifshitz theory of dispersion forces. We demonstrate that the scheme reproduces the experimentally observed features of the NP protein coronas. To illustrate the use of the methodology, we compute the adsorption energies for human blood plasma proteins on gold NPs of different sizes as well as the preferred orientation of the molecules upon adsorption. The computed energies can be used for predicting the composition of the NP-protein corona for the corresponding material.
David Power et al 2019 Modelling Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng. 27 084003, DOI: 10.1088/1361-651X/ab3b6e
European Union; Science Foundation Ireland