Document Type



This item is available under a Creative Commons License for non-commercial use only


Applied mathematics

Publication Details

Physical Review D 99, 063501 (2019)


A cosmological model with van der Waals gas and dust has been studied in the context of a three-component autonomous non-linear dynamical system involving the time evolution of the particle number density, the Hubble parameter and the temperature. Due to the presence of a symmetry of the model, the temperature evolution law is determined (in terms of the particle number density) and with this the dynamical system reduces to a two-component one which is fully integrable. The globally conserved Hamiltonian is identified and, in addition to it, some special (second) integrals, defined and conserved on a lower-dimensional manifold, are found. The parameter choices and their implication for the global dynamics in terms of cosmological relevance are comprehensively studied and the physically meaningful parameter values are identified.