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1.4 CHEMICAL SCIENCES
he technical feasibility and performance of photocatalytic Ti02 coatings in batch-process solar disinfection (SODIS) reactors to improve potability of drinking water in developing countries have been studied. Borosilicate glass and PET plastic SODIS reactors fitted with flexible plastic inserts coated with Ti02 powder were shown to be 2(Jt1o and 25% more effective, respectively, than standard SODIS reactors for the inactivation of E. coli K12. Isopropanol at 100 ppm concentration levels was observed to be completely photodegraded after 24 h continuous exposure to lOG mW/cm2 simulated sunlight in a similar solar photocatalytic disinfector (SPC-DIS) reactor. The technique for p roducing the TiOrcoated plastic inserts is described and demonstrated to be an appropriate and affordable technology for developing countries.
Duffy, E. et al:A Novel TiQ2-Assisted Solar Photocatalytic Batch-Process Disinfection Reactor for the Treatment of Biological and Chemical Contaminants in Domestic Drinking Water in Developing Countries. Solar Energy, Vol.77, 2004, pp.649-655. doi:10.1016/j.solener.2004.05.006
This work was funded by the European Union under the Improving Human Potential 2003 Programme of EU-DGXII (Contract HPRI-CT1999-00013), Confirming the International Role of Community Research for Development (lNCO-DEV), Project "Aquacat" (Contract ICA3-CT20002-10016), and by Enterprise Ireland under the Research Innovation Funding Programme (Grant no. RIF/2002/61O).