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Application of Topic Models in text mining of educational data and more specifically, the text data obtained from lecture videos, is an area of research which is largely unexplored yet holds great potential. This work seeks to find empirical evidence for an improvement in Topic Modeling by pre- extracting bigram tokens and adding them as additional features in the Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) algorithm, a widely-recognized topic modeling technique. The dataset considered for analysis is a collection of transcripts of video lectures on Machine Learning scraped from YouTube. Using the cosine similarity distance measure as a metric, the experiment showed a statistically significant improvement in topic model performance against the baseline topic model which did not use extra features, thus confirming the hypothesis. By introducing explainable features before modeling and using deep learning based text representation only at the post-modeling evaluation stage, the overall model interpretability is retained. This empowers educators and researchers alike to not only benefit from the LDA model in their own fields but also to play a substantial role in eorts to improve model performance. It also sets the direction for future work which could use the feature augmented topic model as the input to other more common text mining tasks like document categorization and information retrieval.
Srikumar, N. (2021). Feature augmentation for improved topic modeling YouTube lecture videos using latent dirichlet allocation. Dissertation. Dublin: Technological University Dublin. doi:10.21427/4ey6-qg08s