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Computer Sciences, Neuroscience, Health care sciences and services
Data driven methods are increasingly being adopted in the medical domain for clinical predictive modeling. Prediction of stroke outcome using machine learning could provide a decision support system for physicians to assist them in patient-oriented diagnosis and treatment. While patient-specific clinical parameters play an important role in outcome prediction, a multimodal fusion approach that integrates neuroimaging with clinical data has the potential to improve accuracy. This paper addresses two research questions: (a) does multimodal fusion aid in the prediction of stroke outcome, and (b) what fusion strategy is more suitable for the task at hand. The baselines for our experimental work are two unimodal neural architectures: a 3D Convolutional Neural Network for processing neuroimaging data, and a Multilayer Perceptron for processing clinical data. Using these unimodal architectures as building blocks we propose two feature-level multimodal fusion strategies: 1) extracted features , where the unimodal architectures are trained separately and then fused, and 2) end-to-end, where the unimodal architectures are trained together. We show that integration of neuroimaging information with clinical metadata can potentially improve stroke outcome prediction. Additionally, experimental results indicate that the end-to-end fusion approach proves to be more robust.
Zihni, E., Kelleher, J.D., Mada, V.I. et al (2020). Multimodal fusion strategies for outcome prediction in stroke. HEALTHINF: Proceedings of the 13th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologiesvol. 5, pp.421-428. isbn: 978-989-758-398-8. doi:10.5220/0008957304210428