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1.2 COMPUTER AND INFORMATION SCIENCE
Language Models (LMs) are important components in several Natural Language Processing systems. Recurrent Neural Network LMs composed of LSTM units, especially those augmented with an external memory, have achieved state-of-the-art results. However, these models still struggle to process long sequences which are more likely to contain long-distance dependencies because of information fading and a bias towards more recent information. In this paper we demonstrate an effective mechanism for retrieving information in a memory augmented LSTM LM based on attending to information in memory in proportion to the number of timesteps the LSTM gating mechanism persisted the information.
Kelleher, J. & Salton, G. (2019) Persistence Pays off: Paying Attention to What the LSTM Gating Mechanism Persists, International Conference Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing, RANLP, 2019-September, pp. 1052-1059. doi:10.26615/978-954-452-056-4_121