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3. MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES, Paediatrics
This study aimed to report on adverse infant and maternal clinical outcomes, and investigate the relationship between infant feedingpractice and such adverse clinical outcomes in infants during the first 6 weeks postpartum. From an eligible sample of 450 motherterminfant pairs recruited from the Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital in Dublin, 27.1% of infants (n=122) werematernally reported to have had an illness during the first 6 weeks that necessitated the provision of prescribed medication ± generalpractitioner/paediatrician attendance ± hospitalisation. Of these, 90 infants had ≥1 episode of infection ± viral ± gastro-intestinalrelatedcondition. After adjustment, ‘any’ breastfeeding to 6 weeks was protective against such adverse infant outcomes (adjustedodds ratio [aOR] 0.44, P = 0.022). Attendance to the GP/paediatrician for > 1 visit (aOR 3.44, P = 0.000) and multiparity (aOR 1.76,P = 0.041) were also positively associated with such adverse infant outcomes. To decrease infant morbidity rates in Ireland,government investment in breastfeeding promotion, support and research should be a continued public health priority.
Tarrant RC, Sheridan-Pereira M, Younger KM & Kearney JM (2012) The positive role of breastfeeding on infant health during the first 6 weeks: findings from a prospective observational study based on maternal reports. Irish Medical Journal March 105(3): 75-78. doi:10.21427/D7MP6Z