Regulated Expression of Adenoviral Vectors-Based Gene Therapies: Therapeutic Expression of Toxins and Immune-Modulators
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Regulatable promoter systems allow gene expression to be tightly controlled in vivo. This is highly desirable for the development of safe, efficacious adenoviral vectors that can be used to treat human diseases in the clinic. Ideally, regulatable cassettes should have minimal gene expression in the "OFF" state, and expression should quickly reach therapeutic levels in the "ON" state. In addition, the components of regulatable cassettes should be non-toxic at physiological concentrations and should not be immunogenic, especially when treating chronic illness that requires long-lasting gene expression. In this chapter, we will describe in detail protocols to develop and validate first generation (Ad) and high-capacity adenoviral (HC-Ad) vectors that express therapeutic genes under the control of the TetON regulatable system. Our laboratory has successfully used these protocols to regulate the expression of marker genes, immune stimulatory genes, and toxins for cancer gene therapeutics, i.e., glioma that is a deadly form of brain cancer. We have shown that this third generation TetON regulatable system, incorporating a doxycycline (DOX)-sensitive rtTA(2)S-M2 inducer and tTS(Kid) silencer, is non-toxic, relatively non-immunogenic, and can tightly regulate reporter transgene expression downstream of a TRE promoter from adenoviral vectors in vitro and also in vivo.
Curtin JF, Candolfi M, Puntel M, Xiong W, Muhammad AK, Kroeger K, Mondkar S, Liu C, Bondale N, Lowenstein PR, Castro MG. Regulated expression of adenoviral vectors-based gene therapies: therapeutic expression of toxins and immune-modulators. Methods in Molecular Biology 2008;434:239-66. doi:10.1007/978-1-60327-248-3_15.
National Institute of Health, Bram and Elaine Goldsmith Chair in Gene Therapeutics, The Linda Tallen and David Paul Kane Annual Fellowship, Board of Governors at Cedars Sinai Medical Center.
Methods in Molecular Biology, 2008;434:239-66.