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Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence


1.6 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, Cell biology,, Microbiology, Virology, Biochemistry and molecular biology

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A series of lysine-based vinyl sulfone peptidomimetics were synthesised and evaluated for anti-trypanosomal activity against bloodstream forms of T. brucei. This focused set of compounds, varying in the P3 position, were accessed in a divergent manner from a common intermediate (ammonium salt 8). Several P3 analogues exhibited sub-micromolar EC50 values, with thiourea 14, urea 15 and amide 21 representing the most potent anti-trypanosomal derivatives of the series. In order to establish an in vitro selectivity index the most active anti-trypanosomal compounds were also assessed for their impact on cell viability and cytotoxity effects in mammalian cells. Encouragingly, all compounds only reduced cellular metabolic activity in mammalian cells to a modest level and little, or no cytotoxicity, was observed with the series.