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1.4 CHEMICAL SCIENCES, Organic Chemistry, Biochemistry and molecular biology
Epigenetic agents such as histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors are widely investigated for use in combined anticancer therapy and the co-administration of Pt drugs with HDAC inhibitors has shown promise for the treatment of resistant cancers. Coordination of an HDAC inhibitor to an axial position of a Pt(IV) derivative of cisplatin allows the combination of the epigenetic drug and the Pt chemotherapeutic into a single molecule. In this work we carry out mechanistic studies on the known Pt(IV) complex cis,cis,trans-[Pt(NH3)2Cl2(PBA)2] (B) with the HDAC inhibitor 4-phenylbutyrate (PBA) and its derivatives cis,cis,trans-[Pt(NH3)2Cl2(PBA)(OH)] (A), cis,cis,trans-[Pt(NH3)2Cl2(PBA)(Bz)] (C), and cis,cis,trans-[Pt(NH3)2Cl2(PBA)(Suc)] (D) (Bz = benzoate, Suc = succinate). The comparison of the cytotoxicity, effect on HDAC activity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, γ-H2AX (histone 2A-family member X) foci generation and induction of apoptosis in cisplatin-sensitive and cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells shows that A – C exhibit multimodal mechanisms involving DNA damage and apoptosis independent of cisplatin resistance.
Almotairy, A.R.Z. et al. . (2020) Pt(IV) Pro-Drugs with an Axial HDAC Inhibitor Demonstrate Multimodal Mechanisms Involving DNA Damage and a Poptosis Independent of Cisplatin Resistance in A2780/A2780cis Cells, Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, 210 (2020) DOI:10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2020.111125