Title

Biological Membranes in EV Biogenesis, Stability, Uptake, and Cargo Transfer: an ISEV Position Paper Arising from the ISEV Membranes and EVs Workshop.

Authors

A.E. Russell, John Hopkins University
A. Schneider, John Hopkins University
K. W. Witwer, John Hopkins University
P. Ergese, Universitá degli Studi di Brescia, CSGI and INSTM
S. N. Bhattacharyya, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata
A. Cocks, Cardiff University
E. Cocucci, College of Pharmacy, Columbus, Ohio
U. Erdbrugger, University of Virginia
J. M. Falcon-Perez, Exosomes laboratory and Metabolomics Platform, CIC bioGUNE, CIBERehd, Bizkaia, Spain.
D. W. Freeman, IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, Bizkaia, Spain.
T. M. Gallagher, Loyola University Chicago School of Law
S. HU, Technological University Dublin
Y. Huang, John Hopkins University
S. M. Jay, University of Maryland
S. Kano, University of Alabama, Birmingham
G. Lavieu, PSL Research University
A. Leszczynska, University of California, San Diego
A. M. Lorente, Oslo university Hospital
Q Lu, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston,
V. Mahairaki, John Hopkins University
D. C. Muth, John Hopkins University
N Noren Hooten, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.
M. Ostrowski, University of Buenos Aires
I. Prada, CNR Institute of Neuroscience, Milan
S. Sahoo, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai,
T.H. Schoyen, John Hopkins University
L. Sheng, University of Washington
D. Tesch, University of Washington
G. Van Niel, Université Descartes, Paris
R.E Vandenbroucke, VIB Center for Inflammation Research, Ghent, B
F.J. Verweiji, Université Descartes, Paris
A.V. Villar, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander,
M. Wauben, Utrecht University
A. M. Wehman, Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg
H. Yin, Tsinghua University, Beijing
D.R.F. Carter, Oxford Brookes University
P. Vander, University Medical Center Utrech

Document Type

Article

Rights

This item is available under a Creative Commons License for non-commercial use only

Disciplines

1.6 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Publication Details

Journal of Extracellular Vesicles

Abstract

Paracrine and endocrine roles have increasingly been ascribed to extracellular vesicles (EVs) generated by multicellular organisms. Central to the biogenesis, content, and function of EVs are their delimiting lipid bilayer membranes. To evaluate research progress on membranes and EVs, the International Society for Extracellular Vesicles (ISEV) conducted a workshop in March 2018 in Baltimore, Maryland, USA, bringing together key opinion leaders and hands-on researchers who were selected on the basis of submitted applications. The workshop was accompanied by two scientific surveys and covered four broad topics: EV biogenesis and release; EV uptake and fusion; technologies and strategies used to study EV membranes; and EV transfer and functional assays. In this ISEV position paper, we synthesize the results of the workshop and the related surveys to outline important outstanding questions about EV membranes and describe areas of consensus. The workshop discussions and survey responses reveal that while much progress has been made in the field, there are still several concepts that divide opinion. Good consensus exists in some areas, including particular aspects of EV biogenesis, uptake and downstream signalling. Areas with little to no consensus include EV storage and stability, as well as whether and how EVs fuse with target cells. Further research is needed in these key areas, as a better understanding of membrane biology will contribute substantially towards advancing the field of extracellular vesicles.

DOI

https://doi.org/ doi: 10.1080/20013078.2019.1684862. eCollection 2019.

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