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1.4 CHEMICAL SCIENCES
Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) was investigated to determine magnesium (Mg) content in infant formula powder. To predict Mg content in the range established by the Codex Alimentarius, a partial least squares regression (PLSR) model was developed using a calibration data set (n = 30) based on full cross-validation and validated using an independent validation data set (n = 21). The prediction model performance was evaluated using the regression coefficients of determination (Rcv2 = 0.94 and Rp2 = 0.85) with the root mean square errors on cross-validation and prediction (RMSECV = 60 mg kg−1 and RMSEP = 80 mg kg−1). The limit of detection (150 mg kg−1) was also calculated. In addition, LIBS successfully predicted the Mg content distributed within a pellet. This study demonstrated that LIBS is suitable as a rapid reagent-free method for the quantification of Mg in powdered infant formula and can provide spatial information with acceptable accuracy.
Maria Markiewicz-Keszycka, Ming Zhao, Xavier Cama-Moncunill, Toufic El Arnaout, Dana Becker, Colm O'Donnell, Patrick J. Cullen, Carl Sullivan, Maria P. Casado-Gavalda, Rapid analysis of magnesium in infant formula powder using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, International Dairy Journal, Volume 97, 2019, Pages 57-64, ISSN 0958-6946, DOI: 10.1016/j.idairyj.2019.05.010.
Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Ireland