Document Type

Article

Rights

This item is available under a Creative Commons License for non-commercial use only

Disciplines

1.4 CHEMICAL SCIENCES, 1.6 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, Cell biology,

Publication Details

Scientific Reports (2020) 10:6985

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-63732-y

Abstract

Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP) is increasingly studied in a growing number of clinical trials for cancer treat-ment1,2 and research is ongoing to explore the combination of CAP with other therapies, including nanoparticles, radiotherapy and chemotherapy3–5.Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) are known to be weakly-toxic to human cells and be readily manufactured and designed for targeting delivery of various therapeutic compounds into cells. Citrate-capped cationic AuNPs may adsorb serum proteins onto their surface and thereby stimulate receptor-mediated endocytosis6. Without special surface functionalisation, AuNPs enter cells and become trapped in vesicles6–8 or enter the nucleus, depending on their size/shape9,10. Meanwhile, AuNPs with functionalised surface chemistries/ligands can directly penetrate the membrane and enter the cytoplasm

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-63732-y


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