Raman Spectroscopy for Early Detection of Cervical Cancer, a Global Women’s Health Issue—A Review
3. MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES
This review focuses on recent advances and future perspectives in the use of Raman spectroscopy for cervical cancer, a global women’s health issue. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common women’s cancer in the world, and unfortunately mainly affects younger women. However, when detected at the early precancer stage, it is highly treatable. High-quality cervical screening programmes and the introduction of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine are reducing the incidence of cervical cancer in many countries, but screening is still essential for all women. Current gold standard methods include HPV testing and cytology for screening, followed by colposcopy and histopathology for diagnosis. However, these methods are limited in terms of sensitivity/specificity, cost, and time. New methods are required to aid clinicians in the early detection of cervical precancer. Over the past 20 years, the potential of Raman spectroscopy together with multivariate statistical analysis has been shown for the detection of cervical cancer. This review discusses the research to date on Raman spectroscopic approaches for cervical cancer using exfoliated cells, biofluid samples, and tissue ex vivo and in vivo.
Shaikh, Rubina; Daniel, Amuthachelvie; and Lyng, Fiona, "Raman Spectroscopy for Early Detection of Cervical Cancer, a Global Women’s Health Issue—A Review" (2023). Articles. 90.
This project has received funding from Enterprise Ireland and the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 847402 (Career FIT Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellowship, Diode, Project ID: MF 2021 0189).
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