Document Type



Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence



Publication Details

Journal of Biophotonics, 2018


Raman spectroscopy is a powerful tool that has the potential to be used as a screening method for cervical cancer. It is a label-free, low-cost method providing a biochemical fingerprint of a given sample. The objective of this study was to address patient-to-patient variability contributed by hormonal effects due to the menstrual cycle, the use of hormone-based contraceptives (HC) and the onset of menopause, and to determine if these changes would affect the ability to successfully identify dyskaryotic cells. Raman spectra were recorded from unstained ThinPrep cervical samples (45 cytology negative and 15 high-grade dyskaryosis (high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, HSIL) samples using a HORIBA Jobin Yvon XploRA system. HPV DNA testing was also performed. Clinical data collected included date of the last menstrual period, the use of HC and/or menopausal status. Spectral changes were observed depending on the day of the menstrual cycle and on the use of HC. Despite this, HSIL could be discriminated from normal cells regardless of the day on which the sample was taken or the use of HC.