An Unusually Large Peripheral Giant Cell Granuloma: a Case Report

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Peripheral giant cell granuloma (PGCG) is a benign reactive lesion of the oral cavity. Although PGCG is classified as a tumor-like lesion, it does not represent a true neoplasm, however it is often associated with a response of local irritation and trauma. Clinically, it appears as an exophytic growth with either sessile or pedunculated base, it can be located in gingiva or edentulous alveolar mucosa and usually does not exceed two cm in diameter. The following report describes the case of a 64-year-old female diagnosed with a PGCG of a particularly large size and rapidly evolving, located in the upper jaw area. The lesion was completely excised, and the diagnosis was confirmed by histopathology, there is no apparent recurrence in the area after 12 months of follow-up. A few cases of PGCG greater than 5 cm in diameter have been reported. Furthermore, exceptional cases might present an abnormal rapid growth as well. An opportune diagnosis based on clinical examination, radiographic and histopathological study are fundamental for a prompt and efficient treatment.



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