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Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence

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Innovations in Education and Teaching International


This paper is a call to action to engage readers in cultivating reflective practice. The demands of a rapidly changing global society, the influences on emerging learning and teaching landscapes, and the ubiquity of information in twenty-first century society are catalysts for this focus on reflection. The author conducted a literature review, integrated with personal experience, resulting in a proposed PARA model (pausing, attending, revising, adopting, adapting) as an extension to existing reflective practice models. In the context of this paper, reflective practice is addressed in terms of professional development within higher education (HE) and the personal experience of its transformational potential. This model offers an opportunity for educators to take time to experience reflection beginning with a pause. Although not an instant solution, this act of pausing can kick-start and cultivate reflective practice for novices or lapsed practitioners.