Document Type

Conference Paper


Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence



Publication Details

MATRIB Conference, Croatia, 2009.


Ireland relies on imports of fossil fuels for up to 83% of its energy needs and this statistic is relatively common in other European countries. Apart from the high import costs and pollutions associated with fossil fuels and the need to meet new targets in terms of CO2 emissions, energy security is essential. This paper provides an overview and outline of the different alternative energy sources available for use either at domestic or on large scale production, some of which are established and others less likely to succeed in our climate.
Some of the alternative energy sources such as wind and wave are gaining acceptance for Irish Climatic conditions and their growth rate and associated costs are outlined. The development from petrol to Liquid Petroleum Gas (LPG) to Hydrogen as a green fuel is presented. The paper will also outline how other countries are dealing with their energy needs through renewable and natural energy sources.