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Electrical and electronic engineering
In recent years, new trends in electrification of the transport sector have been a major concern for distribution grid operators. New types of flexible, uncontrollable loads, such as EV, influence the reliability of distribution networks. This work is related to the distribution system planning framework, with a particular focus on uncoordinated flexible EV loads. The main focus is the enhancement of the hosting capacity of EVs on distribution networks, while maintaining power quality (especially voltage magnitude and voltage unbalance), which is ultimately a pre-requisite for increasing prosumer engagement. Several EV charging scenarios, in the context of UK/Irish distribution networks with increased penetration of EV prosumers are considered. The results show that reactive power compensation through STATCOM, in the context of EV integration, can provide continuous voltage support and thereby facilitate 90% penetration of network customer EV connections at a normal EV charging rate (3.68 kW). If fast charging (up to 11 kW) is employed, <30% of network EV customers can be accommodated due to bottlenecks presented by the substation transformer loading.
Zaidi, A.H., Sunderland, K. and Conlon, M. (2019), Role of reactive power (STATCOM) in the planning of distribution network with higher EV charging level. IET Gener. Transm. Distrib., 13: 951-959. DOI: 10.1049/iet-gtd.2018.6046