Document Type



Available under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International Licence


Electrical and electronic engineering

Publication Details

Energy Systems


This paper presents a comparative study between DC side and AC side cascaded topologies for the hybrid modular multilevel converter (MMC) which are becoming popular in recent years. A multilevel converter with half or full bridge sub modules connected across DC link is another alternative for high-voltage applications as it has the same number of sub modules and footprint as AC side cascaded topology with the same DC link voltage and AC side voltage. The compared AC side cascaded structure offers a two-level converter as the high voltage stage and cascaded H-bridge (which is full bridge) sub modules with electrically isolated DC sources or capacitors for the low voltage stages which has number of features suitable for HVDC application. The comparison aspects are investigated against 6 different converter sub module number and configuration options for losses, harmonic profile of the output voltage, and the DC fault current characteristics (before blocking the IGBT gate signals during the DC fault) with the same input DC voltage and the same load for both (DC and AC side) topologies. The major results and findings of this investigation are presented, compared and discussed.